SMART Journal of Business Management Studies follows the ethical standards in its publications, to ensure the quality and originality in the manuscripts. The value of academic publishing relies on the ethical behaviour of everyone involved in it. SMART Journal advises to its authors, reviewers and editors, to refer to the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) website, and other websites mentioned under the head, additional resources in addition to publication ethics of SMART Journal. Besides, they are also advised feel free to contact the Chief Editor of the SMART Journal through email in this regard. (Mail id:

SMART Journal
Points to Authors
Points to Reviewers
Points to Editors
Points to Everyone
Additional Resources

Points to Authors

a) Authors who contribute research article to SMART Journal should be transparent and ensure the followings:

* Their research paper should be originally prepared by them
* Their research paper should be submitted only to the SMART Journal and it should not been previously published anywhere.
* Their research paper should not infringe on other rights, including copy rights and intellectual property rights.
* The data relating to the research paper should be originally collected and should not be manipulated.
* If any material errors are discovered by the authors, either prior or subsequent to publication, they may contact the Editor of SMART Journal to correct them

b) The authors may note the followings:

* The authorship of the paper is accurately represented, ensuring that all who participated and contributed are credited.
* SMART Journal also allows a maximum of five authors to be specified as having contributed equally to the work or having jointly supervised the work.
* The corresponding author, usually the most senior member of each submitting group or team, should accept responsibility for the contributions to the manuscript from that team.
* The author list should include only appropriate researchers and no others. Any changes to the author list in the order or deletion or addition of authors after submission is not permitted.
* The corresponding author is solely responsible for communicating with the SMART Journal and between coauthors. Before submission, the corresponding author may ensure that all authors are included in the author list, its order has been agreed by all authors and that all authors are aware that the paper was submitted to SMART Journal.
* The corresponding author is responsible for the accuracy and originality of all content in the material.
* Any correction required, after publication, based on specified complaint, the editor after verification of materials, may withdraw its publication (full paper) and/ or publish correction. Such changes may also be uploaded in the Journal website.

c) The responsibilities of authors include, but is not limited to the following:

* To preserve and retrieve the original data, used for the analysis, to carry out reanalysis, if required
* The original data should be accurately represented in the data presentation
* To foresee and minimize obstacles in the sharing of data, materials, algorithms or reagents described in the work.

d) The authors to SMART Journal must avoid some specific ethical violations like Plagiarism, Simultaneous Submission, Fabrication and Falsification of Data, Duplicate Publication, Improper Author Contribution and Manipulation of Citation while preparing and submitting the manuscripts to the SMART Journal

i) Plagiarism
Plagiarism is an act that the author(s) is (are) deliberately using the ideas, or original materials of others, without acknowledging its original sources and without referring to him/her. Copying even small part of data or ideas (for example, one full sentence) from the manuscripts of others, or even from own manuscripts that have previously been published, without proper citations are considered plagiarism. In case of use of data or reproduction of data or ideas, appropriate permission may be obtained. Authors who submit the manuscripts to SMART Journal for publication, may strictly avoid this act of Plagiarism.

ii) Simultaneous Submission
Simultaneous submission occurs when a manuscript is submitted by author(s) to SMART Journal when such manuscript is already under consideration by another journal. The author may avoid the act of simultaneous submission of manuscripts to different journals.

iii) Fabrication and Falsification of Data
The fabrication of data means that the researcher did not actually undertake the research work but made up the results and had recorded or reported the fabricated information in the manuscripts. Falsification of data means that the researcher did the experiment, but manipulated, changed, or omitted original data or results from the research findings. This would lead to public distrust. The authors may strictly avoid these acts of fabrication and falsification of data.

iv) Duplicate Publication
Duplicate publication occurs when two or more papers, without full cross referencing, share the same hypotheses, data and conclusions. The authors should avoid duplicate publication.

v) Improper Author Contribution
As per the policy of SMART Journal, five authors per paper are permitted to contribute a paper. All listed authors must have made a significant contribution to the research in the paper. The author who did not make significant contribution, should not be listed as one of the authors of a paper.

vi) Manipulation of Citation
Manipulation of citation covers excessive citations given in the submitted manuscript that do not contribute to the content of the article. Excessive citations have been included solely for the purpose of increasing citations to a given author’s work, or to articles published in a particular Journal. Only references which are relevant to the article, should be given in the manuscript.

In order to ensure the ethical standards for publication, the SMART Journal takes all possible efforts like obtaining DECLARATION LETTER signed by authors, selecting MANUSCRIPTS FREE FROM PLAGIARISM by using Plagiarism Software etc.,